When Allah sent Prophet Muhammad to this world as his prophet, at that time this world was standing on the verge of destruction. All the tribes had become mortal enemies of each other. They used to worship idols. The girls were buried alive. Women had no respect before Islam. Rich people would oppress the poor. They would be enslaved. In this era of destruction and killings, Allah sent Muhammad as his prophet for the welfare and well-being of humanity.
Hazrat Muhammad laid the foundation of Islam in this world. He advised people to worship Allah. The worship of idols was strictly prohibited. With the coming of Hazrat Muhammad, a just society was created in which every human being was respected. Killing and oppressing girls is strictly forbidden. Women were respected by this society.
Early Life of Muhammad ﷺ:
Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ is the last prophet of Allah and the founder of Islam. He ﷺ was born in the famous tribe of Quraish in Makkah. His father’s name is Abdullah. Hazrat Abdullah died before born of Hazrat Muhammad. His mother’s name was Hazrat Amna.
He (PBUH) lived austerely throughout his life. He (PBUH) sewed his own torn clothes and sewed his shoes. When he (PBUH) conquered Makkah, he announced a general amnesty. He also forgave his enemies.
Difficulties to Preaching Islam:
When the Prophet (PBUH) invited the people to Islam, the people of Makkah became enemies of his life. Very few people of Makkah responded to the invitation of the Prophet.
Migration from Makkah to Madinah:
He, upon the command of Allah, migrated to Madinah and invited the people of Madinah to Islam. The people of Madinah accepted Islam in greater numbers than Makkah.
This sermon was delivered on the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah, 10 Hijri (623 CE) in the Yurana Valley of Mount Arafat in Makkah. It became an event of the annual Hajj ritual. It is also called Farewell Hajj.
Some Points are written below:
“O People! Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen carefully to what I am saying and take these words to those who could not be present here today.”
“O People! Just as you regard this month, this day, and this city as sacred so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord and that he will indeed reckon your deeds.”
“Allah has forbidden you to take usury, therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequality. Allah has judged that there shall be no interest and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn ‘Aal-Muttalib be waived.”
“Every right arising out of homicide in pre-Islamic days is henceforth waived and the first such right that I waive is that arising from the murder of Rabiah ibn al-Harithiah.”
“O, men! The unbelievers indulge in tampering with the calendar to make permissible that which Allah forbade, and to prohibit what Allah has made permissible. With Allah, the months are twelve in number. Four of them are holy, there are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumada and Shaban.”