ODI cricket is a type of cricket played between two international teams. It’s called “One Day” because the match is completed in a single day. Each team gets one chance to bat and bowl. They have 50 overs (a set of six deliveries) to score runs and take wickets. The team batting first sets a target score, and the other team tries to chase it within 50 overs. The team with the higher score wins.
When did it start?
ODI cricket began in the early 1970s as a response to the increasing popularity of limited-overs cricket. The first official ODI match took place in 1971 between Australia and England. ODI matches use a white ball and are played on a grass pitch. Each team has 11 players on the field. The batting team has two batsmen at a time.
In the beginning overs, there are fielding restrictions. This means a limited number of fielders can be placed outside the inner circle of the field. It encourages aggressive batting. ODI cricket has seen many thrilling matches, high scores, exciting chases, and outstanding individual performances. Tournaments like the ICC Cricket World Cup and ICC Champions Trophy are played in the ODI format and attract global attention.
Rules and Regulations:
1. Teams: ODI cricket is played between two international teams with 11 players on each side.
2. Overs: Each team gets 50 overs to bat and bowl, and an over consists of six deliveries (balls).
3. Toss: A coin toss determines which team will bat or bowl first.
4. Innings: Each team has one inning to bat and one inning to bowl.
5. Target Score: The team batting first sets a target score for the other team to chase within 50 overs.
6. Wickets and Runs: The batting team scores runs by running between wickets or hitting boundaries, while the fielding team takes wickets by getting batsmen out.
7. Fielding Restrictions: In the first 10 overs of each inning, there are restrictions on the number of fielders allowed outside the inner circle.
8. Powerplay: Teams can choose two blocks of Powerplay, during which additional fielding restrictions apply.
9. Extras: If the bowler delivers an illegal ball, the batting team is awarded extra runs called “extras.”
10. Result: The team with the highest total runs at the end of the match wins. In case of a tie, a tiebreaker or a super over may be played.
Important Facts about ODI:
1. Duration: ODI matches are played and finished within a single day, unlike longer Test matches.
2. Limited Overs Format: Each team gets 50 overs to bat and bowl, adding a time limit and strategy to the game.
3. White Ball: ODI matches use a white ball, which is easier to see for players and spectators.
4. Day-Night Matches: Some ODIs are played in the afternoon and continue into the evening under floodlights, making it convenient for fans.
5. Cricket World Cup: The Cricket World Cup is a major ODI tournament held every four years, bringing teams from around the world to compete.
6. Super Over: In case of a tie, a super over is played as a quick tiebreaker to determine the winner.
7. Run Rate: Run rate is the average number of runs scored per over and is used to assess a team’s performance.
8. Player Awards: Outstanding players are recognized with awards like Player of the Match, Player of the Series, Best Batsman, and Best Bowler.
9. Global Popularity: ODI cricket is highly popular worldwide, attracting large audiences and passionate fans.
Umpires in One Day International (ODI) Cricket:
1. On-Field Umpires: ODI matches have two umpires on the field who make decisions during the game.
2. Decision-Making: On-field umpires decide if a batsman is out or not, judge legal or illegal deliveries, handle player appeals, and determine completed runs.
3. Signals and Communication: Umpires use hand signals to indicate decisions like boundaries, wides, no-balls, and sixes. They communicate with players and each other during the match.
4. Third Umpire: ODI matches have a third umpire located off the field who uses technology to assist with reviewing certain situations, like close run-outs or doubtful dismissals.
5. Umpire’s Call: When the third umpire reviews a decision, if there is not enough evidence to completely overturn it, the original decision stands.
6. Match Referee: ODI matches also have a match referee who ensures fair play, handles disciplinary matters, and maintains the spirit of the game.