Cancer disease is a condition that occurs when a single cell, in the body undergoes a disturbance leading to multiplication and hindering the functioning of the body. The human body consists of billions of cells each functioning independently and playing a role. These cells are responsible, for birth, multiplication, and eventually, death all while fulfilling the needs of the body.
Regrettably, there are instances when a cell malfunctions. Starts multiplying uncontrollably. This leads to the formation of a tumor causing a growth, in the affected organ that hampers its function and drains the body’s energy.
If cancer can grow in all organs and the blood (leukemia), the cancer
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Causes of cancer:
There are two types of risk factors that contribute to the development of cancer; “factors and “external” factors. Cancer is considered a disease, due to the combination of these factors.
External risk factors are connected to lifestyle choices and environmental influences contributing to 4 out of every 10 cases;
An unhealthy diet
Overweight or obesity
There are factors that have been verified such, as being exposed to UV rays without protection or ionizing rays like radon which can lead to skin cancer. Another factor is exposure to substances such, as asbestos, nickel, and chromium which can cause occupational cancers.
The approach, to treatment, can vary depending on factors, such as the type and extent of cancer its rate of progression the patient’s age, and overall health condition well as the presence of any other diseases. A multidisciplinary team is responsible for making decisions regarding treatment options. Different forms of treatment may be administered at stages of the disease depending on how it progresses.
All treatments aim to eliminate cancer cells with some being curative in nature and aimed at achieving healing.
Palliative treatments are focused on slowing down or halting the development of cancer providing relief from pain or improving organ function.
The main treatment methods include
This involves removing the tumor. May also help in understanding the nature of the lesion for treatment decisions.
This involves administering a combination of drugs (known as a protocol) through infusion intake or injection into either the tumor or affected organ over a period of months. Treatments are spaced out with intervals for rest. However, chemotherapy can have side effects due to damage caused to cells.
It involves exposing the patient to ionizing radiation before or after surgery to prevent the multiplication of cancer cells.
These aim at neutralizing targets within cancer cells.
It focuses on blocking hormones that promote the growth and multiplication of cancer cells in cases like breast and prostate cancer.
Please note that these treatment options are not exhaustive and should be discussed with professionals, for advice based on individual circumstances.
A bone marrow transplant involves the donation of marrow to a patient, with leukemia or lymphoma, for treatment. Immunotherapy on the hand focuses on training the system to identify and eliminate cancer cells.